Feast Days

Feast Days seems pretty interesting in light of Blessings, and daily life in Medieval Britain.

The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint. (The word “feast” in this context does not mean “a large meal, typically a celebratory one”, but instead “an annual religious celebration, a day dedicated to a particular saint”.)

The system arose from the early Christian custom of commemorating each martyr annually on the date of his or her death, or birth into heaven, a date therefore referred to in Latin as the martyr’s dies natalis (“day of birth”). In the Eastern Orthodox Church, a calendar of saints is called a Menologion. “Menologion” may also mean a set of icons on which saints are depicted in the order of the dates of their feasts, often made in two panels.

Most saints have there feast days on the day of their birth.

As the number of recognized saints increased during Late Antiquity and the first half of the Middle Ages, eventually every day of the year had at least one saint who was commemorated on that date. To deal with this increase, some saints were moved to alternate days in some traditions or completely removed, with the result that some saints have different feast days in different calendars. The Roman Catholic calendars of saints in their various forms, which list those saints celebrated in the entire church, contains only a selection of the saints for each of its days. A fuller list is found in the Roman Martyrology, and some of the saints there may be celebrated locally.

The earliest feast days of saints were those of martyrs, venerated as having shown for Christ the greatest form of love, in accordance with the teaching: “Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends.” Saint Martin of Tours is said to be the firstor at least one of the first non-martyrs to be venerated as a saint. The title “confessor” was used for such saints, who had confessed their faith in Christ by their lives rather than by their deaths. Martyrs are regarded as dying in the service of the Lord, and confessors are people who died natural deaths. A broader range of titles was used later, such as: Virgin, Pastor, Bishop, Monk, Priest, Founder, Abbot, Apostle, Doctor of the Church.

This calendar system, when combined with major church festivals and movable and immovable feasts, constructs a very human and personalised yet often localized way of organizing the year and identifying dates. Some Christians continue the tradition of dating by saints’ days: their works may appear “dated” as “The Feast of Saint Martin”.

Feast days are ranked in accordance with their importance. In the present ordinary form of the Roman Rite, feast days are ranked (in descending order of importance) as solemnities, feasts or memorials (obligatory or optional).

According to the national calendar of England, as requested by the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales and approved by the Holy See:

12 January: Saint Aelred of Rievaulx – Optional Memorial
19 January: Saint Wulstan, bishop – Optional Memorial
14 February: Saints Cyril, monk, and Methodius, bishop – Feast
1 March: Saint David, bishop – Feast
17 March: Saint Patrick, bishop – Feast
21 April: Saint Anselm of Canterbury, bishop and doctor – Optional Memorial
23 April: Saint George, martyr – Solemnity
24 April: Saint Adalbert, bishop and martyr or Saint Fidelis of Sigmaringen, priest and martyr – Optional Memorial
29 April: Saint Catherine of Siena, virgin and doctor – Feast
4 May: The English Martyrs – Feast
19 May: Saint Dunstan, bishop – Optional Memorial
25 May: Saint Bede the Venerable, priest and doctor – Memorial
27 May: Saint Augustine of Canterbury, bishop – Feast
5 June: Saint Boniface, martyr – Memorial
9 June: Saint Columba, abbot – Optional Memorial
16 June: Saint Richard of Chichester, bishop – Optional Memorial
20 June: Saint Alban, martyr – Optional Memorial
22 June: Saints John Fisher, bishop and Thomas More, martyrs – Feast
23 June: Saint Etheldreda (Audrey), virgin – Optional Memorial
1 July: Saint Oliver Plunket, bishop and martyr – Optional Memorial
11 July: Saint Benedict, abbot – Feast
23 July: Saint Bridget, religious – Feast
9 August: Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein), virgin and martyr – Feast
26 August: Blessed Dominic of the Mother of God Barberi, priest – Optional Memorial
30 August: Saints Margaret Clitherow, Anne Line and Margaret Ward, martyrs – Optional Memorial
31 August: Saint Aidan, bishop and the Saints of Lindisfarne – Optional Memorial
3 September: Saint Gregory the Great, pope and doctor – Feast
4 September: Saint Cuthbert, bishop – Optional Memorial
19 September: Saint Theodore of Canterbury, bishop – Optional Memorial
24 September: Our Lady of Walsingham – Memorial
9 October: Blessed John Henry Newman, priest – Optional Memorial
10 October: Saint Paulinus of York, bishop – Optional Memorial
12 October: Saint Wilfrid, bishop – Optional Memorial
13 October: Saint Edward the Confessor – Optional Memorial
26 October: Saints Chad and Cedd, bishop – Optional Memorial
3 November: Saint Winefride, virgin – Optional Memorial
7 November: Saint Willibrord, bishop – Optional Memorial
16 November: Saint Edmund of Abingdon, bishop or Saint Margaret of Scotland – Optional Memorial
17 November: Saint Hilda, abbess or Saint Hugh of Lincoln, bishop or Saint Elizabeth of Hungary – Optional Memorial
30 November: Saint Andrew, apostle – Feast
29 December: Saint Thomas Becket, bishop and martyr – Feast

There are possibly some Feast Days which are anachronistic for our game; optically most seem correct and appropriate.

Source: Various pages from Wikipedia, edited for clarity, game appropriateness, and grammar.

Feast Days

Canes de Deus JohnFane2